This is all of the concepts, methods and techniques (often physics based) which allow the chemical composition of any material to be characterised qualitatively or quantitatively. The role currently played by analytical chemistry in the protection of the environment, of ecology and toxicology, is very important.
This is all of the concepts and knowledge describing the behaviour and reactivity of essentially hydrocarbon molecules. The concepts of organic chemistry are the key to understanding biology, biotechnologies and the study of natural substances.
This is a science based on the relation between the properties, the structural morphology and the implementation of materials which constitute the objects which surround us (metals, polymers, semi-conductors, ceramics, composites, etc.). It is at the core of many of the great technical revolutions. For over a century particularly: electronics (computers, CD and DVD readers, etc.), automobiles (engines, bodywork, headlights, etc.), aeronautics, renewable energy (solar panels, etc.), nanoscience, nanotechnology, etc.
Green chemistry, also called sustainable chemistry or ecological chemistry, projects the implementation of principles to reduce or eliminate the use or the generation of substances which are harmful for the environment, by new chemical processes and “clean” synthetic routes i.e. Those which respect the environment.
This is an engineering science. It allows a whole chemical industry production unit (large or small) to be designed, sized, optimised and partially operated.
This is the application of chemical engineering to all the processes for the transformation of materials, implementation in all of industry (pharmacy, metallurgy, foodstuffs, new materials, textiles, de-pollution, etc.).
Parachemistry or formulation chemistry is an industrial sector which prepares (or “formulates”) products coming from the chemical industry in a form, which the final consumer or a specific industry can use. The products thus developed are functional. There is a great variety of products manufactured by parachemistry.
“European Credit Transfer and accumulation System”, system of marking by ”credits”, providing mobility for students in Europe.
The licence is a national diploma and a university grade of the undergraduate cycle of higher education, validating three years of study after the baccalaureate. Obtaining a Licence allows the student to pursue university studies for the grade of Master.
The Master is a national diploma and a university grade of the second cycle of higher education, validating five years of study after the baccalaureate. The degrees awarded by the engineering schools of the Federation Gay-Lussac are all Master grades.
The PhD is the highest grade of University education. In principle, it is prepared over four years; it requires writing a thesis under the direction of a University professor while taking part in research seminars, followed by a defence of this thesis.